Oct 04, 2022  
Academic Catalog - Spring 2022 
    
Academic Catalog - Spring 2022 [ARCHIVED]

Course Descriptions


Courses with codes 1000-4999 are Undergraduate level offerings. Courses with codes 5000-7999 are Graduate level offerings. Courses with codes 8000 and above are Advanced level offerings.

 

Hebrew

  
  •  

    HEB 7930 - Historical Hebrew Grammar


    An analysis of the development of the Hebrew language from its relationship to early Canaanite through the biblical period down to the period of the Mishna. Non-biblical Hebrew inscriptions form the Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian periods will be examined. Special attention will be given to the differences between Classical Biblical Hebrew and Late Biblical Hebrew.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HEB 7940 - Dead Sea Scrolls


    A study of selected texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls. A special focus will be given to the analysis of the Dead Sea Scroll Commentaries on Old Testament books as well as the teachings from the sectarian documents and their possible connection to the New Testament. This course will also include a survey of the documents of the Dead Sea Scrolls and their contribution to Biblical Studies.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HEB 5120
  
  •  

    HEB 7950 - Comparative Semitic Linguistics


    A comparative study of the phonology, morphology and cognitive vocabulary of the Semitic language family, as well as a survey of the individual languages that provide the necessary data for the reconstruction of the Proto-Semitic language and culture.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HEB 6500 . An intermediate level knowledge of at least one semitic language is necessary to function in the class.
  
  •  

    HEB 7990 - Introduction to Modern Hebrew


    An introduction to the grammar, syntax and vocabulary of Modern Hebrew leading to reading competency in published literature pertaining to biblical and related subjects.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HEB 5120 HEB 2620 
  
  •  

    HEB 9730 - Seminar in Selected Hebrew Texts from the Law


    An investigation of Hebrew literature from the Law. The seminar will consist of translation and readings from selected passages from the Pentateuch with attention to grammar, syntax, lexicography, textual criticism and exegesis. Specific attention will be given to approaches of the application of the Law to the Christian Life.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HEB 9740 - Seminar in Selected Hebrew Texts from the Writings


    This seminar will consist of translations and readings from selected passages from the Writings focusing on vocabulary, grammar, syntax, exegesis and theology.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HEB 9750 - Seminar in Selected Hebrew Texts from the Prophets


    The seminar will consist of translations and readings from selected passages from the prophets, focusing on vocabulary, grammar, syntax, exegesis and theology. Specific attention will be given to approaches to the interpretation of prophecy.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HEB 9800 - Seminar in Advanced Hebrew Grammar


    A PhD seminar focusing on Old Testament Hebrew grammar and related issues. It will examine recent contributions to the linguistic study of Old Testament Hebrew, the linguistic dimensions of the language (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, discourse pragmatics, and historical grammar), textual criticism, and other special issues dealing with the Hebrew of the Old Testament.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HEB 5110 - Biblical Hebrew for Ministry I HEB 5120 - Biblical Hebrew for Ministry II , and HEB 6500 - Biblical Hebrew for Ministry III  or equivalent courses. 
  
  •  

    HEB 9810 - Advanced Aramaic


    A study of Aramaic grammar and documents related to the Old Testament. Selected texts may focus on a single or multiple Aramaic dialects including Syriac, Old, Official, or Targumic Aramaic.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HEB 9820 - Readings from ANE Literature


    A reading course in ancient Near Eastern literature related to the Old Testament, including issues of introductory grammar from selected texts in Akkadian, Ugaritic, Phoenician, or other Semitic languages.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HEB 9830 - Readings from Second Temple Jewish Literature


    A study of selected texts from the Second Temple literature. Special focus will be given to the analysis of Biblical material and the Dead Sea Scrolls as well as the teachings from the Qumran sectarian documents and their possible connection to the New Testament.
    3 semester hr(s).

History

  
  •  

    HIS 1110 - Western Civilization I


    A survey of the development of western civilization to the 1400’s.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 1120 - Western Civilization II


    A survey of the development of western civilization from the 1400’s to the present.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 2110 - Church History I: Patristic, Medieval, and Pre-Reformation


    A survey of the history of Christianity from apostolic times through the Reformation.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 2120 - Church History II: Reformation and Modern


    A continuation of HIS 2110  from the Reformation to the present.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 2130 - Baptist History: Identity, Heritage, and Polity


    A study of Baptist origins, development, principles, leaders, and thought. Special attention is given to the distinctive contributions of Baptists.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 2610 - State Bapt. Conventions: History & Polity


    A study of the history, structure, operation, and ministries of the state Baptist conventions. This course requires classroom study and attendance at an annual meeting of the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina, the Baptist General Association of Virginia, or the Southern Baptist Conservatives of Virginia as either a messenger or observer.
    2 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 2611 - The Southern Baptist Convention


    This course is designed as a series of lectures, discussions, and on-site examination. Students will meet for two days, travel to the Convention, observe what occurs, and upon their return prepare a paper analyzing the yearly meeting from a practical and theological standpoint.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3100 - Church History Survey


    A survey of the history of Christianity from apostolic times to the present.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): None
  
  •  

    HIS 3500 - History of Christian Mission


    A survey of Christianity’s expansion from apostolic times to the present, including interpretive reflections on key developments. Crosslisted as:  
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3510 - American History I Pre 1877


    A survey of American political, economic, military, social, and cultural history from its colonial beginnings to the end of Reconstruction.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3520 - American History II Post 1877


    A survey of American political, economic, military, social, and cultural history from the end of Reconstruction to the present.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3522 - North Carolina History


    A survey of the critical events, personalities, issues, and developments in North Carolina from its earliest human inhabitation to the present. This course will provide an analysis of the relationship of geography, events, and people to the political, economic, technological, and cultural developments in North Carolina at the local level and within the framework of the state’s regional and national contexts.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3531 - The Reformation


    An historical and critical study of selected aspects of the Protestant Reformation.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HIS 3100 - Church History Survey .
  
  •  

    HIS 3532 - American Religious History


    A study of the development of American religion from the Colonial period to the present, with emphasis on classical problems in the story of American religion, such as pluralism, denominationalism, and the role of experience.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HIS 3100 - Church History Survey .
  
  •  

    HIS 3620 - Greco Roman and Early Medieval History


    A survey of the development of Greek and Roman culture, its shaping of the ancient Mediterranean world, its continuation into the Middle Ages, and its impact on modern Western culture.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3630 - African History Since 1700


    An examination of the important figures, events, ideas and values in African history since 1700.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3640 - Far Eastern History


    A study of the history of the Far East with emphasis on China and Japan.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3650 - American Constitutional Development


    An examination of the evolution and development of American constitutional law and thought, both theoretically and as applied. Special attention will be given to constitutional interpretation, substantive due process, the freedom of religion clauses, and the broader historical milieu in which constitutional decisions were made.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 3710 - Life & Practice of the Early Church


    A study of the life and practice of Christians in the first centuries of the church’s history with regard to standard church ministries, including the ordinances, preaching, evangelism, and church government.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HIS2110
  
  •  

    HIS 3720 - Medieval Christianity


    A historical and critical study of selected aspects of the medieval church.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HIS2110
  
  •  

    HIS 3810 - History of the Southern Baptist Convention


    A study of the development of the Southern Baptist Convention from its inception to the present, with special emphasis on Southern Baptist origins, institutional and denominational development as well as controversies that have shaped the convention.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4599 - Historiography


    An intensive reading, research, and lecture course designed to help the student develop a Christian approach to the craft of history. This course is designed to build upon, and tie together, the previous courses in history taken by the student and to prepare the student for further studies both inside and outside of academia.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4620 - Ancient Near Eastern History


    A survey of ancient Near Eastern Societies focusing on Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Hittite, Canaanite, and Persian cultures with a special emphasis on their relationship to Israelite history.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4630 - The Civil War


    An examination of the origins, development and results of the Civil War (1860-1865).
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4631 - Race Relations in America


    An examination of the history of race relations in America (particularly between blacks and whites) from 1619 to the present, with emphasis on the role that Christianity played.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4632 - The Sixties: America, 1960 - 1973


    An in-depth examination of the historical events and developments of the 1960s and early 1970s.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4633 - The American Revolution


    An examination of the founding of the United States of America.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4635 - History of World Wars I & II


    An in-depth examination of the causes, events, and lasting impact of the two major 20th-century wars: World War I and World War II.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HIS 3520 - American History II Post 1877  
  
  •  

    HIS 4640 - Twentieth Century Europe


    A survey of the history of the countries of Europe in the twentieth century, with special emphasis placed on World War I, World War II, and the Cold War.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4650 - Latin American History


    A survey of Latin American history from the pre-Columbian era to the present.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4660 - History of Russia


    A survey of the history of Russia, with special emphasis placed on the rise and fall of the Soviet Union.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4720 - English and American Puritanism


    A study of English Puritanism with attention to the context in which it arose, major features, representative thinkers, and its role in Baptist origins. The course also examines the development of Puritanism in British North America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Special attention is placed on the Puritan foundations of American culture and democracy.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HIS 3100 - Church History Survey .
  
  •  

    HIS 4731 - American Puritanism


    An examination of the development of Puritanism in British North America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Special attention is placed on the Puritan foundations of American culture and democracy.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4930 - Women in Church History


    A study of the role and contribution of women in the history of the Christian church.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4950 - History of Economic Thought


    A survey of and development of economic thought from ancient times to the present, with a particular focus on the contributions of religious thinkers.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HIS 4990 - Special Topics in History


    A detailed investigation of a topic in history to be determined by the instructor.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH/WOR 9530 - Seminar on the History of Christian Worship


    A study of the history of Christian worship from the Patristic era to modern Evangelical traditions. Particular attention will be given to liturgical
    developments and congregational practices, including ordinances and musical worship. Historical perspectives relevant to contemporary issues in
    worship will also be emphasized.
    3 semester hr(s).

Humanities

  
  •  

    HUM 1110 - The History of Ideas I


    A broad overview of the major intellectual ideas that have shaped human history. Starting in antiquity and coming to the present, this course traces the development of major ideas in philosophy, theology, politics, art, science, sociology, and more, and explores the relationship between those ideas and Christianity.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HUM 1120 - The History of Ideas II


    Readings in primary texts from the ancient and classical periods, with attention given to the Ancient Near East, Greece, and Rome as foundations for Western Culture.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HUM 1110 - The History of Ideas I  
  
  
  •  

    HUM 2120 - The History of Ideas IV


    Readings in primary texts from the early modern period through the twentieth century, with attention given to changes in philosophy, science, religion, government, and culture.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HUM 2110 .
  
  •  

    HUM 3510 - Seminar in Theology & Culture


    Readings in primary texts that demonstrate the development of Western thought in theology, ethics, and culture. Students do research and writing projects integral to this effort.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HUM 2120 .
  
  •  

    HUM 3520 - Seminar in Philosophy and Science


    An examination of the primary texts that demonstrate the development of Western thought in philosophy and the philosophy of science. Students prepare research and writing projects integral to this effort.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HUM 2120 .
  
  •  

    HUM 3530 - Seminar in History and Politics


    An examination of the primary texts that demonstrate the development of Western thought in history, the philosophy of history, and political theory. Students prepare research and writing projects integral to this effort.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s):   
  
  •  

    HUM 4599 - Humanities Colloquium


    A reading, research, and writing course designed to engage the intellectual history of Western thought from a Christian worldview. Students continue reading primary texts and complete a senior thesis.
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): HUM 3510 , HUM 3520 , HUM 3530 .

Historical Theology

  
  •  

    HTH 6600 - Historical Theology


    A comprehensive study of the historical development of some of the central doctrines of the Christian faith.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 6911 - C. S. Lewis


    A study of the theology of C. S. Lewis with readings in his apologetic works and in his imaginative writings.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7610 - Ante-Nicene Christian Thought


    A study of the important historical and theological developments in the Christian church prior to the Council of Nicaea. Emphasis will be placed on how Christians interacted with their culture and the various heretical groups they encountered.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7620 - Patristic Christology


    The study of the doctrine of the person of Christ as it developed and was articulated from the council of Nicaea (325) to the Council of Chalcedon (541). Particular attention is given to the significant figures during the Christological debates.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7710 - The History and Theology of the Reformation


    A historical and critical study of selected aspects of the Protestant Reformation. Also included is a study of selected writings of the Reformers and their relationship to the development of Protestant doctrine.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7711 - Theology of the Reformers


    A study of selected writings of the Reformers and their relationship to the development of Protestant doctrines.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7712 - Studies in Anabaptist Theology


    A study of the diverse European Reformation and Post-Reformation Free Church movements known collectively as Anabaptist. Special attention is given to the distinctive theological characteristics of the movement, and south German and Swiss Anabaptists are especially highlighted.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7713 - Calvin and the Reformed Tradition


    A study of the life and work of John Calvin with attention to the continuing influence of his thought. His influence will be covered through its impact on later Reformed thinkers and confessions. Attention will be given to possible Reformed influence in Baptist history and theology.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7720 - English and American Puritanism


    A study of English Puritanism with attention to the context in which it arose, major features, representative thinkers, and its role in Baptist origins. The course also examines the development of Puritanism in British North America during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Special attention is placed on the Puritan foundations of American culture and democracy.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7730 - 19th Evangelical Theology


    19th Evangelical Theology.
  
  •  

    HTH 7740 - American Evangelical Theology


    A study of modern American evangelical theology, including significant figures, movements, and controversies. Special attention will be given to evangelical theology and theologians since World War II.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7750 - Christian Theology in the Third World


    A study of theological literature and trends in the churches of the Third World, in Latin America, Africa, Asia, and the Pacific.
    2 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7800 - History of Baptist Theology


    An assessment of selected Baptist theologians and their doctrinal theologies according to historical and contemporary influences.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 7920 - Roman Catholic Theology


    A study of Roman Catholic theology and theologians, including significant historical developments and important contemporary issues.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9201 - Reading Seminar I


    An introduction to historical/theological method. Special attention will be given to topic selection, source evaluation, and written argumentation.
    2 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9202 - Reading Seminar II


    An introduction to the discipline of historical theology. Special consideration will be given to key historical interpreters, major themes, and seminal
    works. This course is a continuation of HTH 9201.
    2 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s):  
  
  •  

    HTH 9600 - Seminar on a Topic in Historical Theology


    An intensive study of the theology of a major Christian thinker, classical or contemporary. The theologian to be studied
    will be announced with the publication of the schedule.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9610 - Seminar in Early Church Life and Practice


    The seminar will focus on the nexus of thought and practice in the Christian church from the Post-Apostolic period to the fifth century. Particular practices include baptism, the Lord’s Supper, preaching, worship, evangelism, and church leadership. Emphasis will be placed on how Christians lived their faith in their areas, and the course will demonstrate the areas of diversity and unity within the church.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9620 - Seminar in Ante-Nicene Christian Thought


    The seminar will focus on the significant persons and events in Christianity from the Post-Apostolic period to the First Ecumenical Council (Nicaea - AD 325), with special emphasis on the development and definition of Christian thought within the crucible of persecution. Of particular interest will be the doctrines of God, Christ, and salvation.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9630 - Seminar in Post-Nicene Thought


  
  •  

    HTH 9640 - Seminar in Patristic Theology


    A study of significant persons and events in Christianity from the Post-Apostolic period to the fourth Ecumenical Council, with special emphasis on the development and definition of Christian doctrine.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9700 - Seminar in Reformation Theology


    This course is designed as an intensive study of both the history and theology of the reformation. This will include both an examination of the
    various manifestations of reformation present throughout Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries, alongside a detailed exploration of the figures
    and various theological traditions that emerged from each of these.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9710 - Seminar in the Theology of the Radical Reformers


    A critical examination of the unique contributions of the theology of the Anabaptists of the reformation period with particular emphasis upon that which distinguished the Radical Reformers from the Magisterial Reformers.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9720 - History and Theology of Spiritual Awakenings


    A seminar focusing on the history and theology of revival movements in the modern era. Particular attention is given to the social context of key historical awakenings, as well as theological and methodological concerns related to various revival movements.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9800 - Seminar in Baptist Theology


    This seminar is a critical examination of the history of Baptist theology. Special attention will be given to key writing theologians, theological
    movements, and doctrinal controversies that have shaped Baptist thought over four centuries.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    HTH 9900 - Seminar on a Selected Theologian


    An intensive study of the theology of a major Christian thinker, classical or contemporary. The theologian to be studied will be announced with the publication of the schedule.
    3 semester hr(s).

Independent Studies

  
  •  

    IND 3601 - Independent Study


    1 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 3602 - Independent Study


    2 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 3603 - Independent Study


    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 6910 - Master’s Workshop


    With permission by the Dean of the Faculty and under the supervision of a professor, with additional assignments as deemed appropriate, credit may be given for active participation in approved conferences and/or workshops that treat subjects relevant to a student’s degree program or concentration. Only one workshop per semester is allowed. Credit may be repeated in another semester, with permission, if the conference element is different.
    1 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 6912 - Master’s Workshop-2


    With permission by the Dean of the Faculty and under the supervision of a professor, with additional assignments as deemed appropriate, credit may be given for active participation in approved conferences and/or workshops that treat subjects relevant to a student’s degree program or concentration. Only one workshop per semester is allowed. Credit may be repeated in another semester, with permission, if the conference element is different.
    2 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 6920 - Directed Study


    Directed study in a specialized area subject to the counsel and evaluation of a professor. Open to M.Div. and M.A. students for elective credit. Directed studies do not substitute for required courses.
    2 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 6930 - Independent Reading and Research


    Advanced reading and research in a specialized area subject to the counsel and evaluation of a professor.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 7000 - MA Continuous Enrollment


    For Research MA students who have previously registered for an MA Thesis but have not completed their writing. Not for degree credit but includes 1 hour of tuition. Repeatable.
  
  •  

    IND 7500 - Bibliographical Research


    Under the supervision of one’s Major Professor, as the initial research requirement of the M.A. (Philosophy of Religion) and M.A. (Old Testament) program, an original, extensive bibliographical report is prepared surveying the most significant of Southeastern’s library resources (including AV and computer resources) in the field and especially in the degree specialization the student has chosen.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 7510 - MAIS Project in Ministry


    For registration, contact the office of Dr. Greg Mathias (Center for Great Commission Studies).
    12 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 7531 - MA Guided Research


    Under the supervision of a Major Professor, an MA student completes a 40-60 page research project. Note: Students who do not complete this course in one semester will be required to enroll in IND 7000 MA Continuous Enrollment in each successive semester until the requirements for this course are completed.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 7532 - MA BTS Guided Research


    Under the supervision of a Major Professor, an MA student completes a 40-60 page research project. Students who fail to complete IND7532 MA BTS Guided Research must enroll in IND7000 Continuous Enrollment every semester until the completion of their research project. 
    3 semester hr(s).
    Prerequisite(s): Approval of MA BTS program coordinator.
  
  •  

    IND 7540 - MA Thesis


    Note: Students who do not complete this course in one semester will be required to enroll in IND 7000 MA Continuous Enrollment in each successive semester until the requirements for this course are completed.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 7550 - MA Field Based Research Project


    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    IND 9400 - Specialized PhD Research


    Subject to the counsel and evaluation of one’s Major Professor, a PhD student may petition for the opportunity to do specialized research under the direction of a recognized scholar outside the Seminary’s faculty. The course of study must be approved by the Graduate Studies Committee. The reading and writing requirements generally should exceed that of a normal graduate seminar. (Open only to approved Ph.D. students.)
    3 semester hr(s).

Intercultural Studies

  
  •  

    ICS 3500 - Eastern Religions and Contexts


    An introduction to major eastern religions, as they occur in different settings, for prospective workers. The course will feature missional approaches which communicate the gospel effectively, to individuals and groups, in such contexts.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    ICS 3550 - Indigenous Religions & Contexts


    An introduction to indigenous religions, in different settings, for prospective workers. The course will feature missional approaches which communicate the gospel effectively, to individuals and groups, in such contexts.
    3 semester hr(s).
  
  •  

    ICS 3600 - Judaism, Islam & Contexts


     

    An introduction to Judaism and Islam, in their varied manifestations, for prospective workers. The course will feature missional approaches which communicate the gospel effectively, to individuals and groups, in such contexts.

     

     
    3 semester hr(s).

 

Page: 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 -> 12